How to Solve a Rubik’s Cube in 2023: Beginners and Advanced Guide

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The Rubik’s Cube is a 3D combination puzzle invented by Erno Rubik in 1974. It is one of the best-selling toys of all time and has been enjoyed by people of all ages from all over the world.

Solving a Rubik’s Cube can be a challenging but rewarding experience. It requires a combination of problem-solving skills, spatial reasoning, and dexterity. However, with a little practice, anyone can learn to solve a Rubik’s Cube.

This blog post will provide a step-by-step guide on how to solve a Rubik’s Cube. The steps are explained in clear language and are accompanied by images and diagrams to help illustrate the instructions.

Getting to Know the Cube

Before we dive into solving the Rubik’s Cube, let’s understand its structure. The cube has six faces, each with a unique color – white, yellow, blue, green, red, and orange.

Stickers represent these colors. Please familiarize yourself with these, as it’s essential for the solving process.

How to Solve a Rubik’s Cube in 2023: Video

The Basic Notations

Rubik's Cube Key Notations
Image: Rubik’s Cube Key Notations

Understanding Cube Notations

To describe the moves needed for solving the Rubik’s Cube, we use a notation system that simplifies communication. The notations are pretty straightforward:

Rubik’s Cube Key Notations

  • R: Rotate the Right face clockwise.
  • L: Rotate the Left face clockwise.
  • U: Rotate the Upper face (top) clockwise.
  • D: Rotate the Down face (bottom) clockwise.
  • F: Rotate the Front face clockwise.
  • B: Rotate the Back face clockwise.

Check out the image below to understand how these notations apply to the cube.

Rubik's Cube with Notations
Image: Rubik’s Cube with Notations

6 Easy Steps to Solving a Rubik’s Cube

Layer-by-Layer Method

For beginners, we recommend the Layer-by-Layer method. This approach breaks down the problem-solving process into manageable steps.

How to Solve a Rubik’s Cube: Solving the First Layer (The Cross)

Solving the first layer of the Rubik’s Cube is an essential step in conquering the puzzle. We’ll focus on creating a white cross on the white face.

Solving the White Cross on the White Face
Image: Solving the White Cross

Step 1: Solving the White Cross on the White Face

Objective: Create a white cross on the white face, with all edge stickers matching the center’s color.

  1. Choose an Anchor Color: To get started, select one color to serve as your “anchor.” In this case, we’ll use white. This will be our reference point.
  2. Locate White Edge Pieces: Look for the white edge pieces; these are the ones with two white stickers. Examine all the edges to find these pieces.
  3. Match the Edges to the Center: Using the notations mentioned earlier (R, L, U, D, F, B), move the white edge pieces to position them adjacent to the white center square. In simple terms, make sure the white edge pieces are touching the white center square.
  4. Verify Color Matching: It’s crucial to ensure that the adjacent edge stickers match the center stickers’ colors. For example, if you have a white-blue edge, the blue sticker should align with the blue center. Make these adjustments using the notations.

That’s it for the first layer’s white cross! Remember, the goal is to have a white cross on the white face with all edge stickers matching their adjacent center colors.

With this step complete, you’re well on your way to solving the Rubik’s Cube.

Solving the Middle Layer

After successfully solving the first layer, let’s tackle the middle layer. We’ll focus on positioning the middle layer edge pieces correctly.

Step 3: Solving the Middle Layer Edges

Objective: Identify and position the middle layer edge pieces so they match the adjacent center colors.

  1. Locate Middle Layer Edges: Look at the middle layer of your cube. You’ll find edge pieces with two stickers, each matching the colors of adjacent centers. These are the ones we’ll work with.
  2. Positioning with Notations: To move these middle layer edge pieces into their correct positions, use the notations we discussed earlier (R, L, U, D, F, B).
  3. Piece by Piece: Focus on one edge piece at a time. Examine its colors, and determine where it should go. Use the appropriate notation to get it there.
  4. Continue Until Complete: Repeat this process for all the middle layer edges. It might take a few steps, but with each piece in its correct place, you’ll be closer to solving the Rubik’s Cube.

Solving the middle layer is a crucial step on your journey to completing the cube. Remember to take it one piece at a time, and you’ll make steady progress.

Solving the Final Layer

Solving the Final Layer
Image: Solving the Final Layer

Now that you’ve mastered the first and middle layers, it’s time to conquer the final layer of the Rubik’s Cube.

We’ll break this down into three steps: creating a cross, orienting the corners, and permuting the corners.

Step 4: Solving the Final Layer’s Cross

Objective: Create a cross on the final layer, ensuring that the stickers match their adjacent center colors.

  1. Creating the Cross: We want to form a cross on the final layer. Make sure that the stickers on these edges match the center stickers’ colors.

Step 5: Orienting the Final Layer’s Corners

Objective: Align the corners in their proper places on the final layer. Orient them so that all stickers on the last layer match their center colors.

  1. Positioning the Corners: Your goal here is to place the corners in their respective positions on the final layer.
  2. Orienting the Corners: Once the corners are in place, ensure that the stickers on the final layer’s corners match the center colors. Adjust as needed using the notations.

Step 6: Permuting the Final Layer’s Corners

Objective: Rearrange the final layer’s corners into their proper positions.

  1. Repositioning the Corners: Use the notations to rearrange the final layer’s corners. The idea is to get them in the correct spots.

With these three steps, you’ll successfully solve the final layer, and your Rubik’s Cube will be close to completion.

How to Solve a Rubik’s Cube: Finishing Touches

With most of the Rubik’s Cube solved, it’s time to put the finishing touches on your masterpiece. The final steps will ensure all the layers are aligned, and each face displays a single color.

Objective: Verify that all the stickers are in the right places and that all sides of the cube are uniform.

Final Alignment

  1. Layer Alignment: Check to see if each layer aligns correctly. Make sure the edges and corners of the same layer are in their proper positions. If you spot any misaligned pieces, use the notations we’ve discussed earlier to adjust them.
  2. Face Uniformity: Ensure that each face of the cube shows a single color, matching the center sticker. This will be the case for all six faces.
  3. Rotate and Adjust: If needed, gently rotate the faces and move the layers using the notations until everything lines up perfectly. Patience is key.
  4. Double-Check: Go through the entire cube, ensuring that every piece is in its correct place.

Once you’ve confirmed that all layers are aligned and all faces display a uniform color, you’ve successfully solved the Rubik’s Cube. Congratulations!

Additional Resources

For Further Practice and Learning, consider the following:

  • Online Rubik’s Cube Simulators and Apps: Explore popular Rubik’s Cube simulators and mobile apps for virtual practice.
  • Books on Rubik’s Cube Solving: Find comprehensive guides on Rubik’s Cube solving techniques in books authored by experts.
  • YouTube Tutorials: Watch video tutorials from dedicated YouTube channels for visual guidance on solving the Rubik’s Cube.
  • Online Rubik’s Cube Communities: Join online communities and forums to connect with fellow Rubik’s Cube enthusiasts, discuss your progress, and ask questions.

Online Simulators and Apps

Explore a variety of online Rubik’s Cube simulators and mobile apps that can help you practice and improve your problem-solving skills. Here are a few to get you started:

  • Rubik’s Cube Simulator (Online): An online simulator that allows you to solve a virtual Rubik’s Cube.
  • Rubik’s Cube Solver App (iOS): A mobile app available for iOS devices that guides you through solving the Rubik’s Cube.
  • Rubik’s Cube Simulators on Android: Search for Rubik’s Cube simulators on the Google Play Store for Android devices.


Dive into the world of Rubik’s Cube solving by exploring these books authored by experts:

YouTube Tutorials

Check out YouTube tutorials from dedicated channels to receive visual guidance on solving the Rubik’s Cube:

Online Communities

Connect with other Rubik’s Cube enthusiasts by joining online communities and forums:

  • Forums: Engage in discussions, share your progress, and seek advice in the forums at, a popular hub for cube solvers.

Explore these resources to enhance your Rubik’s Cube solving skills and connect with a community of like-minded individuals. Happy solving!


In this guide on how to solve a Rubik’s Cube, we’ve broken it down into easy steps. You’ve learned the basics of the cube, mastered the Layer-by-Layer method, and gained the skills to conquer this iconic puzzle.

With clear instructions, you can confidently solve a Rubik’s Cube. Whether you’re a beginner or improving your skills, this guide is designed to make it fun and achievable.

Remember, practice and patience are your friends on this journey. Keep at it, and you’ll become a Rubik’s Cube-solving pro.

For more tips and resources, explore our recommended online simulators, books, YouTube tutorials, and online communities. They’ll help you master the art of Rubik’s Cube solving.

So, grab your cube and enjoy the journey. Happy solving!

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By Junior
I am Junior Biswas. I am a Student. I love to do different experiments. My goal is to help people with my step by step guide, so I created this website.
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